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Comprehensive Examination Reading List 2017-2018

Current Topics
Police Psychology
Police Investigations
Eyewitness Memory and Identifications
The Child Witness
Mental Illnesses and the Justice System
Risk Assessment
Young Offenders
Violent Offenders
Sexual Offenders
Wrongful Convictions
Basic and Advanced Research Methods


One year (April to April) of articles in Law and Human Behavior.



Abdollahi, M. K. (2002). Understanding police stress research. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 2, 1-24. doi:10.1300/J158v02n02_01

Cochrane, R. E., Tett, R. P., & Vandecreek, L. (2003). Psychological testing and the selection of police officers: A national survey. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 30, 511-537. doi:10.1177/0093854803257241

Harris, C. J. (2009). Police use of improper force: A systematic review of the evidence. Victims & Offenders, 4, 25-41. doi:10.1080/15564880701568470

Lough, J., & Kathryn, V. T. (2013). A critical review of psychological instruments used in police officer selection. Policing, 36, 737-751. doi:10.1108/PIJPSM-11-2012-0104

Patch, P. C., & Arrigo, B. A. (1999). Police officer attitudes and use of discretion in situations involving the mentally ill: The need to narrow the focus. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 22, 23-35. doi:10.1016/S0160-2527(98)00014-4

Pynes, J. E., & Bernardin, H. J. (1989). Predictive validity of an entry-level police officer assessment center. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 831-833. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.74.5.831

Taylor, A., & Bennell, C. (2006). Operational and organizational police stress in an Ontario police department: A descriptive study. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 4, 223-234.



Beauregard, E., Proulx, J, & Rossmo, D. K. (2005). Spatial patterns of sex offenders: Theoretical, empirical, and practical issues. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 579-603. doi:

Bennell, C., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., Corey, S., & Keyton, J. (2007). It's no riddle, choose the middle: The effect of number of crimes and topographical detail on police officer predictions of serial burglars' home locations. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 119-132. doi:10.1177/0093854806290161

Canter, D. V. (2011). Resolving the offender ‘‘Profiling Equations’’ and the emergence of an Investigative Psychology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 5-10. doi:10.1177/0963721410396825

Canter, D. V., Alison, L. J., Alison, E., & Wentink, N. (2004). The organized/disorganized typology of serial murder: Myth or model? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 10, 293–320. doi:10.1037/1076-8971.10.3.293

Fisher, R. P., Milne, R., & Bull, R. (2011). Interviewing cooperative witnesses. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 16-19. doi:10.1177/0963721410396826

Kassin, S. M., Drizin, S. A., Grisso, T., Gudjonsson, G. H., Leo, R. A., & Redlich, A. D. (2010). Police-induced Confessions: Risk factors and recommendations. Law and Human Behavior, 34, 3-38. doi:10.1007/s10979-009-9188-6

Lamb, M. E., Orbach, Y., Hershkowitz, I., Esplin, P. W., & Horowitz, D. (2007). A structured forensic interview protocol improves the quality and informativeness of investigative interviews with children: A review of research using the NICHD Investigative Interview Protocol. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 1201-1231. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.03.021

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Gendreau, P., Goggin, C., & Cullen, R. M. (2007). Taking stock of criminal profiling: A narrative review and meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 437-453. doi:10.1177/0093854806296925

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Stinson, M., Tedeschini, J., & House, J. C. (2010). Reforming investigative interviewing in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52, 203-218. doi:10.1007/s10979-009-9188-6



Aamodt, M. G., & Custer, H. (2006). Who can best catch a liar? A meta-analysis of individual differences in detecting deception. Forensic Examiner, 15, 6-11.

Bond, C. F., & DePaulo, B. M. (2006). Accuracy of deception judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 214-234. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr1003_2.

Bond, C. F., & DePaulo, B. M. (2008). Individual differences in judging: Accuracy and bias. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 477-492. doi: 10.1007/s10979-007-9110-z.

DePaulo, B. M., Charlton, K., Cooper, H., Lindsay, J. L., & Muhlenbruck, L. (1997). The accuracy–confidence correlation in the detection of deception. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1, 346–357. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0104_5.

DePaulo, B.M., Lindsay, J. J., Malone, B. E., Muhlenbruck, L., Charlton, K., & Cooper, H. (2003). Cues to deception. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 74-118. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.129.1.74.

Hartwig, M., & Bond, C. F. (2011). Why do lie-catchers fail? A lens model meta-analysis of human lie judgments. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 643-659. doi: 10.1037/a0023589

The Global Deception Research Team (2006). A world of lies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 60-74. doi: 10.1177/0022022105282295

Vrij, A., Fisher, R., Mann, S., & Leal, S. (2008). A cognitive load approach to lie detection. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 5, 39-43. doi: 10.1002/jip.82.

Zuckerman, M., DePaulo, B. M., & Rosenthal, R. (1981). Verbal and nonverbal communication of deception. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 14, pp. 1-59). New York: Academic Press.



Cutler, B. L., & Kovera, M. B. (2011). Expert psychological testimony. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 53-57.

Leach A., Cutler, B. L., & Van Wallendael, L. R. (2009). Lineups and eyewitness identification. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 5, 157-178.

Loftus, E. F. (2005). Planting misinformation in the human mind: A 30-year investigation of the malleability of human memory.  Learning & Memory, 12, 361-366.

Memon, A., Meissner, C., & Fraser, J. (2010). The Cognitive Interview: A meta-analytic review and study space analysis of the past 25 years. Psychology, Public Policy & Law, 16, 340-372.

Steblay, N. K., Wells, G. L., & Douglas, A. B. (2014). The eyewitness post identification feedback effect 15 years later: Theoretical and policy implications. Psychology, Public Policy, & Law, 20, 1-18.

Van Wallendael, L. R., Devenport, J. L., Cutler, B. L., & Penrod, S. D. (2007). Mistaken identification = Erroneous convictions? Assessing and improving legal safeguards. In R. C. L. Lindsay, D. F. Ross, J. D. Read, and M. P. Toglia (Eds), Handbook of Eyewitness Testimony. (pp. 557-582). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Wells, G. L. (1978). Applied eyewitness testimony research: System variables and estimator variables. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 1546-1557.

Wells, G. L., Small, M., Penrod, S., Malpass, R. S., Fulero, S. M., & Brimacombe, C. A. E. (1998). Eyewitness identification procedures: Recommendations for lineups and photospreads. Law and Human Behavior, 22, 603-647.

Wells, G. L., & Quinlivan, D. S. (2009). Suggestive eyewitness identification procedures and the Supreme Court's reliability test in light of eyewitness science: 30 years later. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 1-24.



Ceci, S. J., & Bruck, M. (1993). The suggestibility of the child witness: A historical review and synthesis. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 403-439.

Goodman, G., Goldfarb, D. Chong, J., Goodman-Shaver, J. (2014). Children’s eyewitness memory: The influence of cognitive and socio-emotional factors. Roger Williams University Law Review, 19, 476 – 512.

London, K., Bruck, M., Wright, D.B., & Ceci, S.J. (2008). Review of the contemporary literature on how children report sexual abuse to others: Findings, methodological issues, and implications for forensic interviewers. Memory, 16, 29-47.

Lyon, T.D. (1999). The new wave in children’s suggestibility research: A critique. Cornell Law Review, 1004-1086

Lyon, T. D. (2011). Assessing the competency of child witnesses: Best practice informed by psychology and law. In M. Lamb, D. La Rooy, L. Malloy, & C. Katz (Eds.), Children’s Testimony: A Handbook of Psychological Research and Forensic Practice (pp. 69-85). Sussex, England: Wiley-Blackwell.

Owen-Kostelnik, J., Reppucci, N. D., & Meyer, J. (2006). Testimony and interrogation of minors: Assumptions about maturity and morality. American Psychologist, 61, 286-304.

Moore, T. E., & Green, M. (2000). Truth and the reliability of children's evidence: Problems with Section 715.1 of the Criminal Code.  Criminal Reports, Vol.30, Part 1, April, 30 C.R. (5th) 148-160.

Poole, D. A., Brubacher, S. P., Dickinson, J. J. (2015). In APA Handbook of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 2: Criminal investigation, adjudication, and sentencing outcomes, by Cutler, Brian L. (Ed); Zapf, Patricia A. (Ed), 3-31. American Psychological Association.

Talwar, V., & Crossman, A. (2012). Children’s lies and their detection: Implications for child witness testimony. Developmental Review, 32, 337-359.



Devine, D. J., & Caughlin, D. E. (2014).  Do they matter? A meta-analytic investigation of individual characteristics and guilt judgments.  Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 20, 109-134.

Ellsworth, P. C., & Reifman, A.  (2000). Juror comprehension and public policy: Perceived problems and proposed solutions.  Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6, 788-821.

Kovera, M. B., Gresham, A. W., Borgida, E., Gray, E., & Regan, P. C.  (1997). Does expert testimony inform or influence jury decision making? A social cognitive analysis.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 178-191.

Kramer, G. P., Kerr, N. L., & Carroll, J. S.  (1990). Pretrial publicity, judicial remedies, and jury bias.  Law and Human Behavior, 14, 409-438. 

Mitchell, T. L., Haw, R. M., Pfeifer, J. E., & Meissner, C. A.  (2005). Racial bias in mock juror decision-making: A meta-analytic review of defendant treatment. Law and Human Behavior, 29, 621-637.

Pennington, N., & Hastie, R.  (1992). Explaining the evidence:  Tests of the Story Model for juror decision making.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 189-206.

Penrod, S. D., Kovera, M. B., & Groscup, J. L. (2011). Jury research methods.  In B. Rosenfeld and S. Penrod (Eds.), Research methods in forensic psychology (pp. 191-214).  New York: Wiley. 

Reyna, V. F., Hans, V. P., Corbin, J. C., Yeh, R., Lin, K., & Royer, C. (2015). The gist of juries:  Testing a model of damage award decision making.  Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 21, 280-294.

Saks, M. J., & Marti, M. W.  (1997). A meta-analysis of the effects of jury size.  Law and Human Behavior, 21, 451-468. 

Sevier, J. (2014).  The truth-justice tradeoff: Perceptions of decisional accuracy and procedural justice in adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems.  Psychology, Public Policy, and law, 20, 212-224.



Bloom, H., & Schneider, R. D. (2006). Mental disorder and the law: A primer for legal and mental health professionals (Chapters 1-6). Toronto, ON: Irwin Law.

Brown, G. P., Hirdes, J. P., & Fries, B. E. (2015). Measuring the prevalence of current, severe symptoms of mental health problems in a Canadian correctional population. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59, 27-50.

Cotton, D., & Coleman, T. G. (2010). Canadian police agencies and their interactions with persons with a mental illness: A systems approach. Police Practice and Research, 11, 301-314.

Charette, Y., Crocker, A.G., Seto, M.C., Salem, Y., Nicholls, T.L., Caulet, M. (2015). The National Trajectory Project of individuals found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder in Canada. Part 4: Criminal Recidivism. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,60, 127-134.

Crocker, A.G., Nicholls, T.L., Seto, M.C., Charette, Y., Côté, G., Caulet, M. (2015). The National Trajectory Project of Individuals Found NotCriminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder in Canada. Part 2: The people behind the label. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,60,106-116.

Massey, K. (2016). Policing and mental health. In M. Brunger, S. Tong, & D. Martin (Eds.), Introduction to policing research: Taking lessons from practice (pp. 57-70). New York, NY: Routledge.

Loong, D., Bonato, S., & Dewa, C. S. (2016). The effectiveness of mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact: A systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 5(1), 123. doi:10.1186/s13643-016-0291-8

Morgan, R. D., Flora, D. B., Kroner, D. G., Mills, J. F., Varghese, F., & Steffan, J. S. (2012). Treating offenders with mental illness: A research synthesis. Law and Human Behavior, 36, 37-50.

Pirelli, G., Gottdiener, W. H., & Zapf, P. A. (2011). A meta-analytic review of competency to stand trial research. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 17, 1-53.

Simpson, A.I.F. & Penney, S.R. (2011). The recovery paradigm in forensic mental health services. Crim Behav Ment Health, 21: 299–306. doi:10.1002/cbm.823



Andrews, D.A., Bonta, J., & Wormith, J.S. (2006). The recent past and near future of risk and/ or need assessment. Crime and Delinquency, 52, 7-27.

Hanson, R. K., & Bussiére,M. T. (1998). Predicting relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 348–362.

Hanson, R.K. & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2009). The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of 118 prediction studies. Psychological Assessment, 21, 1-21.

Harris, A. & Lurigio, A.J. (2007). Mental illness and violence: A brief review of research and assessment strategies. Aggression and Violent Behavior 12, 542–551.

Heilbrun, K. (1997).  Prediction versus management model relevant to risk assessment: The importance of legal decision making context. Law and Human Behavior, 21, 347-359.

Hemphill, J.F., Hare, R.D., & Wong, D. (1998). Psychopathy and recidivism: A review. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 3, 139-170.

McKeown, (2010). Female offenders: Assessment of risk in forensic settings. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 15, 422-429.

Rice, M. E., & Harris, G. T. (1995). Violent recidivism: Assessing predictive validity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 737–748.

Singh, J. P., Grann, M., & Fazel, S. (2011). A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: A systematic review and meta analysis of 68 studies involving 25,980 participants. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 499–513.



Cleckley, H. (1988). The Mask of Sanity. Augusta, GE: Emily Cleckley. Pgs. 64-70; 337-364.

Frick, P.J. (2009). Extending the construct of psychopathy to youth Implications for understanding, diagnosing and treating antisocial children and adolescents. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54, 803-812.

Gao, Y., & Raine, A. (2010). Successful and unsuccessful psychopaths: A neurobiological model. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 194-210.

Hare, R.D., Frazelle, J., & Cox, D.N. (1978). Psychopathy and physiological responses to threat of an aversive stimulus. Psychophysiology, 15, 165-172.

Hart, S.D. & Hare, R.D. (1997). Psychopathy: Assessment and association with criminal conduct. In Stoff, David M. (Ed); Breiling, James (Ed); Maser, Jack D. (Ed), (1997). Handbook of antisocial behavior. (pp. 22-35). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc, xxii, 600 pp.

Lykken, D. (1995). The Antisocial Personalities. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Pgs. 133-155.

Meffert, H., Gazzola, V., den Boer, J.A., Bartels, A.A.J., & Keysers, C. (2013). Reduced spontaneous but relatively normal deliverate vicarious representations in psychopathy. Brain, 136, 2550-2562.

Patrick, C.J. (1994). Emotion and psychopathy: Startling new insights. Psychophysiology, 31, 319-330.

Patterson, C.M. & Newman, J.P. (1993). Reflectivity and learning from aversive events: towards a psychological mechanism for the syndromes of disinhibition. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 716-736.

Polaschek, D.L.L. (2014). Adult criminals with psychopathy: Common beliefs about treatability and change have little empirical support. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 296-301.



Bala, N., Carrington, P. & Roberts, J. (2009). Evaluating the Youth Criminal Justice Act after five years: A qualified success. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 51(2), 131 – 167.

Doob, A. & Sprott, J.B.. (2004). Changing Models of Youth Justice in Canada. In Tonry, M. and A.N. Doob (eds.) Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross National Perspectives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 185 – 142.

Lescheid, A. & Cunnigham, A. (1998).  A community-based sanction for high- risk young offender. European Journal of Criminal Justice Research, 6 (4), 545 – 560.

Moffitt, T.E. (1993). Adolescent limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100 (4), 674-701.

Mulvey, E.P., Schubert, C.A., Piquero, A. (2014). Pathways to desistance – Final technical report. Washington: Department of Justice.

Segrave, D. & Grisso, T. (2002). Adolescent development and the measurement of juvenile psychopathy. Law and Human Behavior, 26 (2), 219 – 239.

Steinberg, L. (2009). Adolescent development and juvenile justice. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 459-485.

Vandergoot, M. (2006). Justice for Young Offenders: Their Needs Our Responses. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing.



Cornell, D.G., Warren, J., Hawk, G., & Stafford, E. (1996). Psychopathy in instrumental and reactive violent offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 783-790.

Dowden, C., & Andrews, D.A. (2000). Effective correctional treatment and violent reoffending: A meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 42, 449-467.

Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M., (1998). Development of juvenile aggression and violence. Some common misconceptions and controversies. American Psychologist, 53, 242-259.

Raine, A. (2002). Biosocial studies of antisocial and violent behavior in children and adults: A review. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20, 311-326.

Rice, M.E., & Harris, G.T. (1995). Violent recidivism: Assessing predictive validity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 737-748.

Weder, N., Yang, B.Z., Douglas-Palumberi, H., Massey, J., Krystal, J.H., Gelernter, J., & Kaufman, J. (2009). MAOA genotype, maltreatment, and aggressive behavior: The changing impact of genotype at varying levels of trauma. Biological Psychiatry, 65, 417-425.

Yang, M., Wong, S.C.P., & Coid, J. (2010). The efficacy of violence prediction: A meta-analytic comparison of nine risk assessment tools. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 740-767.



Beech, A.R. & Ward, T. (2004). The integration of etiology and risk in sexual offenders: A theoretical framework. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 31-63.

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 1154–1163.

Lӧsel, F. & Schmucker, M. (2005). The effectiveness of treatment for sexual offenders: A comprehensive meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 1, 117-146.

Prentky, R.A. & Knight, R.A. (1991). Identifying critical dimensions for discriminating among rapists. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 643-661.

Ward, T. & Stewart, C. A. (2003). The treatment of sex offenders: Risk management and good lives. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 34, 353-360.



Clow, K.A., & Leach, A.-M. (2015). After innocence: Perceptions of individuals who have been wrongfully convicted. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 20(1), 147-164. doi: 10.1111/lcrp.12018

Cutler, B. L. (2012). Conviction of the innocent: Lessons from psychological research. Washington: APA Books. [Cutler’s introduction, Chapter 4, and Chapters 10-14]

Doob, A. N. (1996) An examination of the views of defence counsel of wrongful convictions: Kaufman Commission on the Proceedings against Guy Paul Morin.

Kassin, S. M. (2005). On the psychology of confessions: Does innocence put innocents at risk? American Psychologist, 60, 215-228. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.60.3.215

Redlich, A. (2010). The susceptibility of juveniles to false confessions and false guilty pleas. Rutgers Law Review, 62, 943-957.




Orne, M. T. (1962). On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: With particular reference to demand characteristics and their implications. American Psychologist, 17, 776-783.

Schwarz, N. (1994). Judgment in a social context: Biases, shortcomings, and the logic of conversation. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 26, 123-162.

Criticism of Experiments:

Berkowitz, L., & Donnerstein, E. (1982). External validity is more than skin deep: Some answers to criticisms of laboratory experiments. American Psychologist, 37, 245-257

Bornstein, B. H. (1999). The ecological validity of jury simulations: Is the jury still out? Law and Human Behavior, 23, 75-91. doi: 


Head, M. L., Holman, L., Lanfear, R., Kahn, A. T, & Jennions, M. D. (2015). The extent and consequences of p-hacking in science. PLoS Biology, 13. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002106

Simmons, J. P., Nelson, L. D., & Simonsohn, U. (2011). False-positive psychology: Undisclosed flexibility in data collection and analysis allows presenting anything as significant. Psychological Science, 22, 1359-1366. doi:


Braver, S. L., Thoemmes, F. J., & Rosenthal, R. (2014). Continuously cumulating meta-analysis and replicability. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 333-342.

Rosenthal, R. (1995). Writing meta-analytic reviews. Psychological Bulletin, 118, 183-192.

Sporer, S. L., & Cohn. L. D. (2011). Meta-analysis. In B. Rosenfeld & S. D. Penrod (Eds.), Research methods in forensic psychology (pp. 43-62). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Wampold, B. E., Ahn, H.-N., Kim, D.-M. (2000). Meta-analysis in the social sciences: A useful way to make sense of a series of findings from a large number of studies. Asia Pacific Education Review, 1, 67-74.

Structural Equation Modeling:

Klem, L. (2000). Structural equation modeling. In L. G. Grim & P. R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding more multivariate statistics (pp. 227-259). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

MacCallum, R. C., & Austin, J. T. (2000). Applications of structural equation modeling in psychological research. Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 201-226.

McDonald, R. P., & Ringo Ho, M.-H. (2002). Principles and practice in reporting structural equation analyses. Psychological Methods, 7, 64-82.


Beasley, W. H., & Rodgers, J. L. (2009). Resampling methods. In R. Millsap & Maydeu-Olivares (Eds.), Quantitative Methods in Psychology (pp. 362-386). London, England: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Boos, D. D. (2003). Introduction to the bootstrap world. Statistical Science, 18, 168-174.

Bayesian Statistics:

Dienes, Z. (2011). Bayesian versus orthodox statistics: Which side are you on? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 274-290.

Edwards, W., Lindman, H., & Savage, L. J. (1963). Bayesian statistical inference in psychological research. Psychological Review, 70, 193-242.

Zyphur, M. J., & Oswald, F. L. (2013). Bayesian estimation and inference: A user’s guide. Journal of Management, 41, 390-420.

Independent Component Analysis (ICA)/Principal Component Analysis (PCA):

Foster, I., Ghani, R., Jarmin, R., Kreuter, F., & Lane, J.  (Eds.). (2016). Big data and social science: A practical guide to methods and tools. Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.

Shlens, J. (2014). A tutorial on principal component analysis. ArXiv, arxiv:1404.1100.

Sui, J., Adali, T., Yu, Q. & Calhoun, V.D. (2012). A review of multivariate methods for multimodal fusion of brain imaging data. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 204, 68-81.

Scale Construction:

Comrey, A. L. (1988). Factor-analytic methods of scale development in personality and clinical psychology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 754-761.

John, O. P., & Benet-Martinez, V. (2000). Measurement: Reliability, construct validation, and scale construction. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology (pp. 339-369). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

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